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How to avoid injury?
Every year, hundreds of thousands of
children die from injuries. Millions more
require hospital care for non-fatal injuries.
Many are left with permanent disabilities or
brain damage.
The most common injuries are traffic
injuries, non-fatal drowning (sometimes
referred to as near drowning), burns, falls
and poisoning.
Almost all injuries can be prevented.
How to avoid injury
1. Many serious injuries can be prevented
if parents and other caregivers supervise
children carefully and provide a safe
environment.
2. Young children are at risk on or near
roads. Children should not play on or
near a street and should always have
someone older with them when they are
near or crossing a road. They should
wear a helmet when on a bicycle or
motorcycle and should be securely
strapped into an age-appropriate child
restraint when in a moving vehicle.
3. Children can drown in less than two
minutes and in a very small amount of
water , even in a bathtub. They should
never be left alone in or near water.
4. Burns can be prevented by keeping
children away from fires, cooking
stoves, hot liquids and foods, and
exposed electric wires.
5. Falls are a major cause of injury for
young children. Stairs, balconies, roofs,
windows, and play and sleeping areas
should be made secure, using barriers
with vertical bars to protect children
from falling.
6. Medicines, poisons, insecticides,
bleach, acids and liquid fertilizers and
fuels, such as paraffin (kerosene),
should be stored carefully out of
children’s sight and reach. Dangerous
substances should be stored in clearly
marked containers and never in drinking
bottles. Child-resistant lids should be
used on containers of poisonous
products.
7. Knives, scissors, sharp or pointed
objects and broken glass can cause
serious injuries. These objects should be
kept out of children’s reach. Plastic
bags, which can cause suffocation,
should be kept away from young
children.
8. Young children like to put things in
their mouths. To prevent choking, small
objects, such as coins, nuts and
buttons, should be kept out of their
reach. Children’s foods should be cut
into small pieces that can be easily
chewed and swallowed.

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